Ms. Frankel covers all sides of many issues and in her review of the cognitive and emotional lives of dogs, we can find a lot of reasons why dogs should not be used in war or in other venues in which their lives are compromised, including, for example, invasive laboratory research, staged fighting, and entertainment. Research has clearly shown that dogs experience a wide spectrum of emotions including joy and happiness and deep grief, anxiety, and even PTSD, and their pains and suffering are no less important to them than ours are to us.
It's also clear that their deep emotions are the "social glue" that underlies the strong reciprocal bonds we form with them. Ms. Frankel's story of Boe, a war dog who served in Iraq for 18 months, shows how they really do have a point of view and just want to be free to be a dog. Her handler Captain Najera said, "it was as if ... she had absorbed too much sadness." We also know that dogs display different personalities and temperaments and some dogs, like Ody, are just not meant for war.