As you may have heard, Whole Foods is establishing a pilot program to sell rabbit meat. Take a moment and read the company's welfare standards here and you'll quickly realize that the rabbits can be produced under conditions very close to industrial circumstances. For example, "Although outdoor access is not required ..." And so on.
Interestingly, the welfare regulations outlined in the link above abruptly end when it comes to slaughter methods. Transport is covered: "Transport must not exceed 8 hours." But nothing about the killing itself. This omission should raise a red flag. Surely, the "harvesting" is regulated, right?
Nope. Rabbit meat falls under state inspection. In Texas you can apply for an inspection exemption. For example, here's this from the Texas Department of Health Services: "Anyone that raises poultry or rabbits, and slaughters 10,000 birds or rabbits (or combination thereof) per year or less may opt to apply for a Grant of Poultry Exemption instead of a Grant of Inspection. These products may be sold on the farm or through locations other than the farm." Other states allow the same (how many I've not yet researched).
Whole Foods in general relies on Temple Grandin's regulations to ensure the following:
- Healthy condition of animals upon arrival Calm, efficient unloading procedures
- Animals handled with patience, skill and respect
- Clean, well-designed facility ensuring quiet movement of the animals
- Appropriate flooring to ensure the animals' stability
- Stringent stunning efficacy requirements
Again, though, note that there's nothing on process of slaughter itself. To discover if there were any regulations regarding how rabbits were dispatched, I searched around the extension agency literature. Here's advice from an undated Texas A&M report:
The preferred method of slaughtering a rabbit is by dislocating its neck. With the left hand hold the animal by its hind legs. Place the thumb of the right hand on the neck just behind the ears, with the fingers extended under the chin. Push down on the neck with the right hand, stretching the animal. Press down with the thumb. Then with a quick movement, raise the animal's head and dislocate the neck.
A recent Mississippi extension agent recommends this:
The rabbit is held firmly by the rear legs and head; it is stretched full length. Then with a hard, sharp pull, the head is bent backward to dislocate the neck. The rabbit can also be struck a hard, quick blow to the skull behind the ears. A blunt stick or side of the hand is commonly used to incapacitate the rabbit. Both methods quickly render the rabbit unconscious.
To be sure, there are rabbit slaughterers out there who really want the slaughter to be done properly, because if you screw up, you know, the meat won't taste very good. Raising-rabbits.com warns, "Any stress during the butchering process can result in the release of adrenaline and other endocrine hormones associated with the animal's flight response. These hormones negatively affect the flavor of the rabbit meat, and will toughen the meat." It then instructs you how to kill a rabbit with a broomstick.