Whereas lemurs in other parts of the world were driven to extinction by the vastly more intelligent monkey, Madagascar proved a safe haven for the species lineage. There remains many species of lemur on the island, arguably around one hundred. However, the lemur's future is currently dwindling under the pressure of an expanding human civilization on the island. Commercial logging and hunting are the two largest threats to the species, as their habitats are being compromised for space. Being in such a perilous position, the lemur is subject to increasing conservation efforts which aim to maintain its very existence.
The island still holds on to an abundance of natural beauty and is rich with exotic flowers and plant life. The island contains up to 12,000 plant species, the majority of which are only found on Madagascar. Some of these plants can even be used for medicine! The Madagascan periwinkle, for example, has medicinal potential. By extracting certain properties, the plant can be used to develop drugs such as Vinblastine and Vincristine. These substances can be used to treat certain cancers so their survival is imperative.