As recent fighting threatens US, Israeli, Iraqi and Palestinian civilians and military personnel, among other political and ethnic interests in the Middle East, I'm reminded of a special 2010 volume in the Wildlife Conservation Society's series State of the Wild.
The 2010-2011 volume entitled "Wildlife Conservation in a Time of War" addresses the impact of civil conflict and warfare on wildlife management and conservation practices in hostile regions of the world. The publication was edited by Dr. Kent Redford who served as Director of the WCS Institute and Vice President, Conservation Strategies at the Wildlife Conservation Society in New York, before founding Archipelago Consulting in Maine.
As we worry about the safety of soldiers, civilians, pets, and livestock, in the Middle East and in other politically unstable regions of the world where combat ensues, I also contemplate the impact of warfare on wildlife and wild lands. Some of the larger and more charismatic wildlife species that may very well be threatened by conflict in the Arabian Peninsula include mountain gazelles, wild boar, foxes, jungle cats, Nubian ibex, hyenas, jackals, wolves, and the Critically Endangered Arabian leopard (Panthera pardus nimr).