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The Dog Acts and Related Laws

There are various laws related to dogs and many owners are aware of these laws. This article explains some acts of United Kingdom, which cover dogs and their owners.

1. The Control of Dogs Order 1992

This law came into force on 1st April 1992 in UK. According to this law, every dog in a public place or in a highway shall wear a collar with the address and name of the owner inscribed on the collar.

This law is not applied to:

• Any pack of hounds • Dogs that are used for sporting purposes • Dogs that are used for capturing or destroying vermin • Dogs that are used for driving or tending of cattle or sheep • Dogs that are used on official duties or in emergency rescue work • Dogs that are registered with the Guide Dogs for the Blind Association In case of breaching this law, the owner will be guilty of an offence against the Animal Health Act 1981. If dog without collar is found on public places, it may be seized and treated as a stray dog.

2. The Environment Protection (Stray Dogs) Regulations 1992

In this act, all local authorities have to appoint an officer (under whatever title the authority may determine) to deal with the stray dogs found in the local authority area. If the officer finds any stray dog in a public place or on any other land or premises, he will seize (if practicable) the dog and detain it. If officer finds the dog on land or premises which is not a public place, the dog will be seized only with the consent of the owner of the premises or land. In case, owner reclaims the dog, he will have to pay a fine of £25 (plus any expenses).

3. The Dangerous Dog Act 1991

This act was introduced in response to various incidents of serious injury or even death, particularly on children, resulting from the attacks of uncontrolled and aggressive dogs. Under this Act, it is illegal to own Specially Controlled Dogs without the specific exemption from a court because these dogs have several behavioral issues and are not sage for public places. Furthermore, the dogs have to be kept on a lead and muzzled in public. The dogs must be registered and insured, tattooed, neutered, and receive microchip implants. The Dangerous Dog Act also bans the sale, exchange and breeding of these dogs, even if they are on the Index of Exempted Dogs.

Following breeds were identified by the Act:

• Pit Bull Terrier (The English Staffordshire Bull Terrier is not on the list)

• Japanese Tosa • Dogo Argentino • Fila Brasileiro