Sadly, a majority of the animals brought into the shelter are victims of abuse and assault. Dogfighting is culturally embedded into the Afghan society, and many canine rescues are victims of the practice. "But many times, the abuse is not intentional; it's because many locals don't know how to care for the animal," she says.
"Creating awareness among locals is the need of the hour and what we are focusing on," explains Hannah. While there aren't government agencies or departments in Afghanistan dedicated to animal care, the Kabul University does run a graduate course in veterinary science. "But due to a lack of facilities, these students don't receive any hands-on experience," says Hannah. Nowzad offers its facilities to the university students to gain practical experience in animal care. It also runs programs, in collaboration with local schools and orphanages, to educate young kids on animal care.