"The birds' histological accuracy, like that of humans, was modestly affected by the presence or absence of color as well as by degrees of image compression, but these impacts could be ameliorated with further training," the study notes.
And also, for all their clinical prowess, pigeons aren't likely to be dispensing medical advice anytime soon.
"I don't anticipate that pigeons, no matter how good they become at pathology or radiology, will be playing a role in actual patient care - certainly for the foreseeable future," he tells BBC News. "There are just too many regulatory barriers-at least in the West."
But these results might go a long way toward rehabilitating the bird's criminally underrated image - and perhaps cause us to pause before slinging that age-old insult around: bird brain.