"Animals have minds. They have brains, and use them, as we do: for experiencing the world, for thinking and feeling, and for solving the problems of life every creature faces. Like us, they have personalities, moods, and emotions; they laugh and they play. Some show grief and empathy and are self-aware and very likely conscious of their actions and intents."
Those are the opening lines of my book, ANIMAL WISE: The Thoughts and Emotions of Our Fellow Creatures," which tells the story of how scientists know that animals think and feel.
Of course, not so long ago, many researchers held fast to the notion that animals were more like robots, capable only of simple, reflexive behaviors. But that old-fashioned idea has been cast aside as a flood of new discoveries have revealed what's really going on beneath those skulls capped in feathers, fur, and scales.
The question no longer is "Do animals think?" It's "How and what do they think?"
So how do scientists answer these new questions? In "ANIMAL WISE," you'll find out.