Malawi, one of Africa's poorest countries, is no exception.
With an estimated population of more than 16 million people - more populated than neighboring Zambia, but just a seventh of the size - Malawi's protected areas have often been referred to as "islands of wilderness in a sea of humanity."
This places Malawi's protected area under immense pressure with communities eking out a subsistence living right on or sometimes encroaching into the borders of national parks. To create a separation between people and wildlife, government conservation agencies have taken a management approach to fence their parks.
This makes sense.
Fences form an effective barrier between people and wildlife.
Their presence acts as a deterrent, preventing people from entering protected areas and wildlife from leaving. This is especially significant when the wildlife is potentially dangerous, like elephants who wander into smallholdings raiding crops and creating conflict.
But if poorly maintained, the fences provide fodder for snares.