About: Once part of the mainland, the island is thought to have separated approximately 9,000 years ago. The island is largely uninhabited and remains in pristine condition.
Endemic Species: Despite its relatively recent separation from the mainland 9,000 years ago, various species show clear differences to their mainland counterparts. In addition, the island is home to two completely endemic mammal species: the fruit bat, Artibeus incomitatus, and the fascinating Bradypus pygmaeus, or pygmy three-toed sloth. Due to their endemic nature to such a small island, both are considered critically endangered. The pygmy three-toed sloth is thought to have evolved through insular dwarfism, as a result of isolation of individuals from the mainland species. Watch the amazing video above!