Where: The third largest island of the archipelago comprising Puerto Rico, Mona Island sits in the Mona Pass, between Puerto Rico's main island and the Dominican Republic. It is 41 miles west of Puerto Rico and measures approximately seven miles by four miles.
About: This beautiful unspoiled island has been called the "Galápagos of the Caribbean" due to its range of endemic species and unique landscape. It was discovered by Columbus in 1493 on his second voyage to the New World, although it is thought that the island has been inhabited by indigenous groups since as far back as 3,000 BC. It is uninhabited, but plays host to many scientists researching the island's flora and fauna. It is a designated natural reserve.
Endemic Species: The island is most famous endemic species is the Mona iguana, a subspecies of the rhinoceros iguana. These animals play an important role on the island as its largest native herbivore, dispersing seeds and helping to maintain a balanced ecosystem. Seeds have been found to germinate faster having passed through the Mona iguana's digestive system. It is easily recognisable due to its large protruding scales around its face, with a single horn-like scale on its snout. The can grow more than over 2.5 feet in length.
Mount Roraima - Venezuela/Brazil/Guyana