"The life of the circus elephant is ... inherently abusive," he says. "Elephants in the circus are constantly being chained up in trucks or on concrete floors or windowless barns. They are beaten with bullhooks, baseball bats and fists. I have seen elephants jabbed with pitchforks." He adds, "The trainers were smart enough to beat the elephants in the trucks late at night or behind the scenes after the public had left."
Monell claims he worked with both Rosie and Opal during his time at Carson & Barnes: "Rosie was very sweet. It's a cliché, but she really is a gentle giant." According to Monell, the two elephants worked regularly: "Rosie was crippled on her front leg so she didn't really perform all of the tricks," he notes. "She was used mainly for giving rides, which happened pretty much every day. Opal worked every single day, as far as I remember."
Both Rosie and Opal, he says, "endured countless beatings" at Carson & Barnes.
In an affidavit supplied by Monell, dated February 2002, he is quoted describing one session where an employee shocked Opal 171 times with with a hotshot device - similar to a cattle prod - all over her body, including left rear leg, left foreleg, trunk and face.