This is the latest in a growing number of statements and policy updates that put canines in the crosshairs, particularly as dog ownership, once tolerated, has increasingly become synonymous with Western culture and resistance to hard-line ideology.
In 2010, Grand Ayatollah Naser Makarem Shirazi issued a fatwa against dog ownership, rebuking the idea by saying "there are lots of people in the West who love their dogs more than their wives and children." Last year, Iran made it illegal to have dogs in public or riding in a car; pet owners were warned that their dogs would be seized and killed.
That law drove many pet owners to keep their dogs indoors, but the proposed law states that pets at home will no longer be tolerated either.
The National Council of Resistance of Iran, a group of exiled Iranian leaders, sees the dog ownership ban as an excuse for the authoritarian government to exert control over the population.
"The Iranian regime periodically uses the issue of pets for public crackdowns. Using this pretext, the police stop cars, carry out searches, confiscate pets and fine women if they are considered improperly dress," writes the NCRI.