The group TRAFFIC surveyed 15 Chinese retail websites over a two year period, finding more than 1,500 new advertisements for wildlife products every month. Ivory was often mislabeled to avoid enforcement, called "African materials," "yellow materials" or "white plastic." Investigators documented a total of 64 codewords for ivory.
Other items for sale on the online black market included rhino horn, leopard and tiger bones, hornbill casques, pangolin scales, hawksbill turtle shells and the horns of the critically endangered saiga antelope. Many of these items are prized for their use in traditional medicine.