Popular Car Maker Used Monkeys In Secret Experiments

They locked monkeys in a room pumped with diesel exhaust for four hours straight.

To prove their diesel vehicles were cleaner than others on the market, Volkswagen financed a harrowing experiment in 2014: They locked 10 monkeys into an airtight room and pumped it full of diesel exhaust.

For four hours straight, the monkeys watched cartoons on TV to keep them calm as they inhaled dangerous fumes from a diesel Volkswagen Beetle.

Until an explosive report from The New York Times was published last week, details of animals’ involvement in the experiment had been kept secret by the company. The Times found that popular German auto companies BMW and Daimler were also involved in the tests.

macaque monkey volkswagen animal testing laboratory
Macaque monkeys were used in the experiment. | Shutterstock

“My first thought was ‘Oh no,’” Sue Leary, director of the American Anti-Vivisection Society, told The Dodo. “It was just a shame that this was done to these animals, but when you examine Volkswagen’s rationale — to make a point about a product in order to make money — it all just seems even more unnecessary. The animals went through this for absolutely nothing.”

The experiment was conducted by American scientists at the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Yet the research was essentially useless — the vehicle was one of many Volkswagens rigged at the time to produce lower emission levels to cheat on emissions tests, compromising the results, and risking the lives of the 10 monkeys for nothing.

Car fumes can seriously injure or kill people in concentrated amounts — and even with the reduced emissions, the monkeys were exposed to them in an enclosed space for hours.

macaque monkeys animal testing volkswagen experiment

While the monkeys reportedly survived the test, it’s unknown if they experienced any short- or long-term health effects from the highly concentrated exposure to the fumes — typical symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning in people include dizziness, vision problems, irregular heartbeat, seizures or death. With much smaller lungs, it’s likely that the monkeys were similarly impacted.

“The Lovelace Institute does respiratory research on hundreds of primates and other animals such as dogs and rats,” Leary added. “They have had quite a number of USDA violations in the past.”

USDA inspection reports of the facility reviewed by The Dodo show that it has been written up for 13 incidents involving animals since March of 2015 — including the death of a dog who was receiving a procedure by a lab employee who had not been trained.

beagle animal testing
Beagles are often used in animal experiments because they tend to be docile. | Shutterstock

Another incident, recorded from 2014, showed that a pig was euthanized after a lab employee improperly handled the animal and had broken its leg. Countless reports of monkeys escaping their cages throughout the years are also noted.

Macaque monkeys, the species that were used in the Volkswagen experiment, are among the most commonly used primates in laboratory research. As The Dodo has previously reported, macaques and other primates used in lab research are often purchased from nightmarish “monkey farms” that capture them from the wild or breed them in highly stressful conditions — the animals often go without proper food or care and are kept barely alive until they’re sold for lab experiments.

“Macaques are highly intelligent and adaptable creatures — and because they are not endangered, there are less restrictions on their breeding, importation and use,” Erika Fleury, program director for the North American Primate Sanctuary Alliance, told The Dodo. “This is why there are hundreds of thousands of macaques living in research labs throughout the country.”

macaque monkey volkswagen animal testing

Since initial reports of the experiment’s use of the monkeys, Volkswagen has suspended its chief lobbyist Thomas Steg, who is believed to have been involved in the planning stages of the experiment as early as 2013.

The company has pledged to “rule out testing on animals for the future so that this doesn’t happen again,” Reuters reported.

This announcement comes after an online petition blasting the company for animal testing garnered over 100,000 supporters.  

To Leary, this is a promising sign.

volkswagen animal testing scandal monkey

“I can’t help but observe that the company gave a very appropriate response,” Leary said. “There’s been a consistency on all levels of Germany’s response to this issue as well, so it’s a very good sign that they’re all in agreement that what was done was unacceptable.”

While the status of the monkeys used in the experiment is unclear, Leary and Fleury agree that the appropriate place for them now is at an accredited primate sanctuary.

“After all of this, my greatest concern for these individual animals is that they should retire them to a sanctuary,” Leary said. “It would be a great way to end this unpleasant situation — one that could have been entirely avoidable in the first place.”

To help animals living in laboratories and to support the retirement of lab primates to sanctuaries, you can make a donation to the American Anti-Vivisection Society and the North American Primate Sanctuary Alliance.

You can also sign the petition to Volkswagen to show your support of a company-wide animal testing ban.