10 min read

Bear Was Forced To 'Dance' For Tourists For Nearly 2 Decades

His keeper had strung a chain through his nose to make him 'dance' — but he's about to get rid of it forever.

The two sloth bears had never really gotten the chance to live as wild bears. When Rangila and Sridevi were tiny cubs, people snatched them from their mothers in the forest and sold them into the entertainment trade in Nepal.

Then Rangila and Sridevi were forced to start performing. At only a few months old, trainers pierced the cubs’ sensitive snouts with hot needles and threaded ropes through the holes. Then the trainers yanked these ropes to make Rangila and Sridevi dance and move around on cue. When they performed in public, the bears’ tricks procured cash for the trainers.

Man holding dancing bear by chain
One of the last two dancing bears in Nepal | WAP

But making bears “dance” is actually illegal in Nepal, and it has been since the country passed an animal welfare act in 1973, according to Neil D’Cruze, wildlife technical expert for World Animal Protection (WAP).

By now, most Nepali trainers have surrendered their dancing bears to the authorities, but the people who owned Rangila and Sridevi found ways to keep operating.

Dancing bear chained by the snout
WAP

“The remaining owners were forced more and more to go away from the urban provinces, and to go further and further out into the hinterland where … they were more able to escape the eyes of authorities and NGOs,” D’Cruze told The Dodo.

Somehow, they got away with it for years and years. By the time help came, Rangila was 19 years old and Sridevi was 17 — and they were the last two dancing bears known to exist in all of Nepal.

Dancing bear tethered by snout
WAP

When D’Cruze first heard about Rangila and Sridevi, he flew to Nepal to work with team members from the Jane Goodall Institute Nepal to help rescue the bears. 

“What we were hoping to do was speak to the owners face-to-face, and try and convince them that, sooner or later, they were going to get arrested,” D’Cruze told The Dodo. “We wanted to get to the owners and convince them that relinquishing the bears out of their own free will, that was the best possible outcome for the bears.”

Dancing bear chained up by snout
WAP

D’Cruze and the others managed to get in touch with the bears’ owners, and the owners initially agreed to surrender the bears into the rescue team’s care. But then something went wrong.

“Unfortunately, we’re not exactly sure about what went down, but they got spooked,” D’Cruze said. “And rather than meeting with us, they essentially hit the road and went on the run. So there was about four to four and a half days of very frustrating phone calls with them where we were being sent to different directions, and going to different locations where they didn’t turn up.”

Dancing bear chained up outside
WAP

The team was extremely concerned about the bears’ welfare, and they persisted for as long as they could. But when they hit a dead end, they stopped by a police station.

“We managed to speak to the superintendent at that time, who said, ‘If you’re able to share the phone number, we can try to locate their position,’ which happened instantly, pretty much,” D’Cruze said.

Man standing on rope attached to dancing bear
One of the dancing bears lying on the floor of the police station in Nepal | WAP

Late that night, the authorities located both the owners — as well as the bears — and brought them all into the station. “Things were still very tense,” D’Cruze said. “There were a lot of discussions with the police and the owners, trying to get information from them.”

The next morning, the rescue team was able to take the bears into its care — and not a moment too soon. While Rangila and Sridevi seemed to be in good physical condition, they were both suffering psychologically.

Bear lying on dark floor
One of the rescued dancing bears lying on the floor of the police station | WAP

“They were obviously in a very bad way in terms of paw sucking and pacing up and down,” D’Cruze said, both behaviors that are common in animals stressed out by captivity. “The male [Rangila] in particular was very aggressive if anyone came him. And the female, Sridevi, was hiding her head in her paws. So they had very different reactions to this stressful life that they had led.”

“The whole team — all of us — were just completely shell-shocked,” D’Cruze added. “We were trying to keep it together.”

Bear lying on dark, dirty floor
WAP

The plan was to move the sloth bears to the Amlekhgunj Forest and Wildlife Reserve in Parsa, Nepal, where they’d stay until they could be moved to a sanctuary. The team actually decided that it was in the bears’ best interest if their trainers stayed with them for a little while longer — so they convinced them to accompany Rangila and Sridevi to the forest.

“In many cases, the bears have spent their whole life with the owner,” D’Cruze said. “So in the short term, before they move to that long-term sanctuary … it’s actually [better] having someone who understands the bears.”

Rescued dancing bears inside of truck
The two rescued bears being driven to the safety of the forest reserve | WAP

“There’s a very strange relationship between the bears and the owners,” D’Cruze added. “On one hand, it’s incredibly cruel that the bears are kidnapped and stolen from their mothers. But they [the trainers] don’t hate the bears.”

The rescue team loaded Rangila and Sridevi onto a truck and drove them to the reserve. D’Cruze will never forget the shift in the bears’ behavior when they entered the forest, and took in the sights and sounds they probably hadn’t experienced since they were cubs.

Bear sniffing air while being driven to safety
One of the bears gazing out through the window of the vehicle while being driven to the forest reserve | WAP

“You could just instantly see that the bears were so much more relaxed,” D’Cruze said. “It was great to see that it was all worth it.”

It might still take Rangila and Sridevi a long time before they get over their emotional trauma, but the rescue team is confident that their lives are changing for the better.

Man posing with bear at forest reserve
D'Cruze sitting in the grass of the forest reserve with one of the bears and the former trainer | WAP

“There was elation when we all took that long, slow breath out in the 4x4 as we drove away from Parsa National Park, knowing that their lives had improved manifold from what they were,” D’Cruze said. “It was incredible.”

To help rescue bears like Rangila and Sridevi, you can make a donation to World Animal Protection or the Jane Goodall Institute of Nepal.