For 50 miserable years, Raju the elephant was shackled up in chains — thick, rusty chains that rubbed his skin raw. One of Raju’s back legs was fastened with a spiked chain, which painfully cut into the elephant’s sensitive skin.
While Raju had various owners throughout his life, the last one forced Raju to walk the roads in Uttar Pradesh, India, interacting with tourists in exchange for money. If Raju misbehaved or didn’t perform well, the owner beat him with a sharp spear. And when Raju wasn’t working, he was kept tethered up without access to food or water. The only way the elephant survived was through food handouts from passersby.