Claire LaFrance, head of communications at Four Paws International, added that the daily living conditions of so many circus animals inevitably provoke aggression and agitation: "Private conditions in these unregulated facilities based around entertainment are almost always wholly inadequate. Circuses, especially traveling ones, offer only cramped conditions, constant changes of location, insufficient feeding schedules," she told The Dodo. "Big cats are wild animals and are not meant to be kept in tiny cages, constantly transported, forced to interact closely with humans and scared into performing unnatural behaviors."
But there's hope for animals in shows. "Around the world, the public’s increasing opposition to the use of wild animals in circuses has prompted governments — most recently in Scotland and Italy — to ban these archaic spectacles," Wathne added.
This kind of change can't come too soon for the puma at this traveling circus in Russia.