Though at times he appears white, Lucky does not have albinism. His unique rainbow pigmentation has even earned him the nickname the “cotton candy” lobster.
Researchers with the Lobster Institute at the University of Maine estimate that a lobster like Lucky is one in 100 million, and Russell knew that he may never see a catch so special again.
The lobster’s typical brownish-green coloring is caused by the expression of different pigments in his shell, according to Cynthia Callahan, manager of the Huntsman Marine Science Center. Lucky’s unique coloring, on the other hand, is due to a genetic mutation that causes one or more of the red, blue or yellow pigments present in the shell to be displayed. Lobsters can have all kinds of color abnormalities — Russell has seen bright orange, blue and yellow lobsters all come out of the same bay.