This landmark study provides "the first baseline on chronic levels of stress and reproductive hormones in wolf hair. Of great importance, the "findings highlight the importance of considering factors other than population numbers when setting management objectives." Experts agree. Paul Paquet, a Raincoast Conservation Foundation scientist and University of Victoria researcher, notes, "The effects of stress are often subtle, but the resulting harm can be acute, chronic, and permanent, sometimes spanning generations."
Clearly, the short-term and long-term effects of the wanton harassment and killing of wolves require detailed analyses of just what these activities do to individuals and to packs. Merely counting the number of individuals who are present and then deciding how to manage them is a shoddy practice at best, and one that is not based on what scientific research has shown. Evidence based decisions -- not practices that are based on a hate for these remarkable and magnificent animals and fear mongering -- are much needed in wolf management across their range.