Roaming Anti-Poaching Patrols and Aerial Surveillance are the first line of defense and key to spotting injured elephants, as are community scouts. These days, those injured tend to have wounds caused by bullets, spears, snares, and poisoned arrows. Time is of the essence as wounds can quickly become infected and, for those elephants with calves, it's a race not just to save the mother but to secure the future of her family too. Sadly, even baby elephants with no tusks can be injured during an attack and are found suffering with all kinds of problems, including bones shattered by bullets.
2. When spotted, it's a race against time to organize swift treatment.