Fairways have a history of bad environmental publicity, points out Ray Semlitsch, a biologist at the University of Missouri. (Some golf courses, for example, use up to 30,000 gallons of water a day). But the grass is becoming greener -- if gradually. The best golf managers use fewer pesticides and encourage different types of grass to grow, a far cry from uniform lawns supported by chemical fertilizers.
When Semlitsch and his colleagues looked at salamanders living near some of these golf courses in North Carolina, they found a community of amphibians just as healthy as those in the wild. "Surprisingly, we found no change or reduction in the abundance or diversity of salamanders downstream," Semlitsch said in a statement.
And bison, like salamanders, are at home on the driving range