It looks like Indonesia has a big responsibility right now. Some say that creating intensive management zones could help increase protection against poaching. Others say that captive breeding is the solution. After all, as I've mentioned before, some species have resurrected thanks to zoos, like the Burnese roofed turtle.
But not all species react the same to captive breeding. Rhinos, for example, have a rather disappointing background in the matter. What can be done, then?
Ahmad Zafir, the author of the Oryx paper that announced Sumatran rhinos had been declared extinct, told conservation website Mongabay that putting together males and females in a semi-wild captive facility "would increase the likelihood of them mating," as well as minimize the risk of poaching. A semi-wild captivity means that a few rhinos would be captured and kept in enclosures within their habitat. Something like a national park. This way, the animals can be protected and monitored, whilst not being taken away of their native rainforest habitat.