A number of municipalities have instituted responsive ordinances, which are meant to undo some of the negative effects of BSL. These ordinances include stricter standards and home checks for people who want to adopt pit bulls, to ensure that the dogs will not be used for nefarious purposes like dogfighting. But the ordinance that would be most affected by the change, Baker says, is Kansas City's spay-neuter mandate just for pit bulls, which was enacted in 2006 in an effort to reduce the number of pit bulls ending up in shelters.
"A disproportionate amount of pit bulls were ending up in shelters, because breed-specific ordinances forced many people to abandon their dogs," Baker said. "Pit bulls only make up 6% of the total dog population in this country. But if you go into shelters, the predominant breed are pit bulls. The animals that are victimized, abused and neglected -- they're pit bulls."
According to Baker, Kansas City had nearly a thousand pit bulls in its shelters in 2005, before the breed-specific spay-neuter policy went into effect. The numbers spiked immediately after the law was implemented, he says, because people could no longer use stray pits for breeding. But in the long-term, Kansas City has seen a dramatic reduction in the number of pit bulls who need homes; in 2013, there were fewer than 200 in the city's shelter.