A life of complete isolation. Max arrived at Dog Tales Rescue and Sanctuary in Ontario, Canada, with a terrible warning.
"When we agreed to take Max in we were told that he would never be able to interact with other dogs and that he would need to live out the remainder of his life with no socialization with other dogs," Clare Forndran of Dog Tales Rescue and Sanctuary tells The Dodo.
And sure enough, when Max first arrived, he reacted badly to other dogs. It was, after all, the only response he knew.
Max had to be kept in a special room, where he couldn't even see another dog.
Little by little, the staff and volunteers edged the 3-year-old American bulldog into social settings.
"It took months," Forndran explains, "but he finally reached a point where he could comfortably walk past other dogs on our trails, or even sit beside other dogs without reacting."