Improving the dog-handler bond, on the other hand, appears to make a difference. The more a dog was exercised, or given positive reinforcement - like a pat on the head or a snack - the more likely he or she would be successfully trained.
Not only do a handler's actions influence the success of a dog-in-training, but the disposition of a handler toward his or her canines also has an impact. Taking a view of dogs as "companions," rather than "workmates" or "employees," leads to greater training success.
The survey's results add to a growing body of evidence that dog behavior - good or bad - reflects how they have been treated by humans.