(The whales in the video above are Kasatka [38 years old], Orkid [26 years old], Nakai [14 years old], Kalia [10 years old], Makani [2 years old], and Amaya [<1 year old])
SeaWorld has described their own training methods in their Animal Training Infobook. Basically, if an animal at SeaWorld does not perform the correct behavior, they will be give a chance to try it again, but will not be rewarded for incorrect behavior. SeaWorld's animals receive a set amount of food each day (a "base"), which does not change based on their behavior.If an orca does not perform the desired behaviors, the food which they might not get during a showis always given to them by the end of the day.
It looks as though the claims that SeaWorld "forces" their animals to perform through food deprivation are false.
Stay tuned for Blackfished Part Two, where we'll take a look at mother and calf separations.