Killing wild animals is big business.
Hunting comes in four main formats: meat, trophy, green and canned. Meat hunting provide tourists an opportunity to connect with their "Palaeolithic roots," by killing, butchering and consuming wild game meat. Unlike hunter-gatherers however, the game are fenced in. Shops in Johannesburg's O.R. Tambo International Airport offer "kudu biltong," and other traditionally prepared meat from these venues.
Trophy hunting is similar, but focuses on the collection of body parts, mainly hide, head and horn. Wild animals are often bred for aberrant colors and other traits to increase their trophy value. These specially bred trophy animals, are worth far more than domestic livestock, and like traditional farmers, the owners of these wild game have no patience for predators. Game farmers regularly poison, trap and shoot leopards, jackals and caracal.
So called "green hunting" involves shooting animals with tranquilizer darts instead of bullets. If all goes well, the "hunter" gets to pose with the sedated animal who will later recover. It is promoted as "the thrill without the kill," and is ostensibly tied with research and monitoring activities for conservation work. However, several agencies have argued against green hunting on animal welfare grounds, and the tranquilizer drugs have found their way into the hands of rhino poachers.