The Juncker Commission is the European Commission in office from 1 November 2014 and is due to serve until 2019. Its president is Jean-Claude Juncker, who presides over 27 other commissioners (one from each of the states composing the European Union, except Luxembourg, which is Juncker's state). In July 2014, Juncker was officially elected to succeed José Manuel Barroso, who had been re-elected by the European Parliament for a further five years from 2009 until 2014.
In the 2014 parliamentary election Juncker campaigned as the candidate of the European People's Party (EPP) for the presidency of the European Commission. The EPP won a plurality in parliament, and on 27 June, the European Council nominated him for the post. Later, on 15 July 2014, the European Parliament elected Juncker as the new Commission president. On 22 October, the European Parliament approved the Juncker Commission in its entirety, and during the 23–24 October 2014 meeting of the European Council, the Council formally appointed the new Commission. On 1 November 2014 the new Commission officially assumed office.