Taking your pup out for a walk before and after time in her crate will allow your pup to get out excess energy, as well as help with housebreaking. Dogs will not typically go to the bathroom in the same space where they eat and sleep, so only leave your puppy in the crate for as long as she can hold her bladder. Once out of the crate, immediately take her to her special bathroom spot outside (again, give her plenty of treats and praise for doing her business).
Adult dogs can spend four to six hours in their crate, while puppies under six months should only be crated for three to four hours tops. Anything longer could lead to anxiety, discomfort and even depression. If your dog does whine to be let out of the crate, make sure you differentiate between a whine for attention and a whine to go to the bathroom, so as not to reinforce bad behavior.
As crate training progresses, your pup can spend more and more time inside her crate, but even if your puppy is comfortable, it won’t necessarily get you out of the 2:30 a.m. walk.