Beloved Elephant With Unique Tusks Was Just Killed For His Ivory
He was only 25 years old.
This week, wildlife advocates got some devastating news. A Bornean pygmy elephant famous for his backward tusks was found dead in the forest in Sabah, a region in the Malaysian section of Borneo.
Last year, Sabah's Wildlife Rescue Unit (WRU) had relocated the elephant - affectionately known as Sabre, from his resemblance to a saber-toothed tiger - from a palm oil estate into an area of protected forest. He was fitted with a satellite collar, and the team at the Danau Girang Field Centre, a research and training facility managed by the Sabah Wildlife Department and Cardiff University, had been tracking his movements ever since.
In late November 2016, Sabre's radio collar showed that he was no longer moving. Yet Benoit Goossens, director of the Danau Girang Field Centre, wasn't initially alarmed.
"I thought that the unit dropped, which happens often for males," Goossens told The Dodo. "They find ways to get rid of the unit on the belt by rubbing on trees. And since it was in a protected forest reserve, and that WRU was busy with other rescues, I did not worry too much."
WARNING: Disturbing images below
Then, on December 26, the team at WRU discovered a shocking scene - the body of a 40-year-old male who had been brutally murdered for his ivory. It wasn't Sabre, but this other elephant had been killed about a mile from the location of Sabre's satellite collar. So Goossens asked the WRU to investigate.
"I had a really bad feeling about it," Goossens said. "And indeed, my team and the Wildlife Rescue Unit found Sabre's remains with the collar next to it."
Sabre's death is a huge blow to Bornean pygmy elephants, according to Goossens.
There are between 1,500 and 2,000 Bornean pygmy elephants left in Borneo, and 95 percent of them are in Sabah, according to Goossens. Their most noticeable characteristic is their height - they're slightly smaller than normal Asian elephants.
The Asian elephant (of which the Bornean pygmy elephant is a subspecies) is currently listed as endangered.
The main threat to Bornean pygmy elephants is people who destroy their habitats to build farms and palm oil estates. When elephants wander onto farms and eat the crops, farmers will often kill them. Another issue, of course, is ivory poaching.
"Any individual killed is a huge loss, especially a male like Sabre who was about 20 to 25 years old, at its prime age for mating," Goossens said. "The other bull was older, around 40 years. Losing two mature males is a huge blow for the population."
While Sabre's murder is tragic, Goossens remains hopeful that the Bornean people can learn to live with the pygmy elephants, and that poaching can be stopped. "There is always hope," Goossens said. "I personally won't give up! I think wildlife has a future in Sabah."
To learn more about pygmy elephants in Borneo, you can visit the Danau Girang Field Centre's website. If you'd like to help Asian elephants, you can make a donation to Elephant Nature Park, a Thai sanctuary that rescues elephants from the tourism industry.
Correction: A previous version of the article stated that there were about 15,000 Bornean pygmy elephants left in the wild, according to a National Geographic source. However, according to Benoit Goossens, there are between 1,500 and 2,000 Bornean elephants in Borneo, and 95 percent of them are in Sabah.