If you listen to the Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (OFAH) and their ilk, you might think that dangerous black bears are prowling northern and central Ontario, breaking into houses, killing people, and damaging property; thus, more have to be killed. Yes, hungry bears are in towns, attracted by landfills, food outlets, and readily available food improperly stored by residents. Bears in towns have been a fact of northern life both before and after the spring bear hunt. It is where bears live.
The spring hunt was cancelled in 1999 out of concern for cubs left to die in the bush, according to the government at that time, although hunt proponents charge it was a matter of political expediency. The two motives are not mutually exclusive and I think both apply.
Ignoring his own scientific advisors, Minister of Natural Resources and Forestry (MNRF) Bill Mauro is currently sitting on data from a two-year "test" spring hunt in eight Wildlife Management Units (WMUs). (It's restricted to Ontario residents, although the majority of people who hunt our bears come from the US, plus a small number from Europe.)
Many hunters oppose the spring hunt. It targets bears emerging from hibernation who are very hungry, having lost some 15 to 30 percent of their body weight over winter, and draws them to food-baits in front of blinds, to be shot.