Between five and 10 million red-legged partridges, a non-native species, are released on UK shooting estates every year. All of these birds come from intensive breeding farms where their parents are confined year-round in tiny cages.
In November 2015, investigators from the League Against Cruel Sports visited three of Britain's largest red-legged partridge breeding farms which supply British shooting estates. What they found was far from the free-range image promoted by the shooting industry.
Breeding partridges on all three farms were confined in small, barren cages without perches, enrichment or litter. They were surrounded on four sides by solid walls, their only view of the world being the sky above and piles of excrement below. Breeding partridges spend two to three years confined in these battery cages, released only when their egg production declines. Then they'll be shipped out to shooting estates just like their chicks.