Dr. Philip Ensley, an elephant expert who has investigated UniverSoul Circus before, viewed The Dodo's footage and said that the handler stopped the male elephant from bobbing on stage.
"In one of the videos the handler, Mr. Larry Carden, approaches Bo and in effect gestures for Bo to stop the behavior," he said. Ensley also agreed with the other two experts, identifying Bo's movements as stereotypic behavior.
Multiple requests for comment about the welfare of the elephants were not returned by UniverSoul, a circus whose elephant troubles have been well documented.
In February, an elephant trainer was accused of animal cruelty after he allegedly pulled an elephant off the stage by sticking a sharp metal baton called a bullhook into the animal's mouth. The incident occurred in Atlanta, where a local ordinance forbids inserting a bullhook into an elephant's orifices.