Tom Snitch, executive officer of the United Nation's Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System and a visiting professor at the University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, working with other scientists and analysts has developed a program to counteract wildlife crime using not only UAVs but also algorithms to determine where to fly them.
"Everyone believes UAVs are the 'solution du jour,'" Snitch said in the Trajectory article. "But you have to do the analysis and the math and really think about where you're going to put a comprehensive program in place."
"So if at night you're in a huge reserve, based on our model I can tell you precisely where to fly your UAV that night and where to position your rangers to intercept the poachers before they get to the animals," Snitch said.
Satellite technology is another important tool. Jonathan Hutson, architect of the Satellite Sentinel Project and now director of communications for the Enough Project at the Center for American Progress says satellite imagery is "indispensable" for its ability to "cover a wider area and avoid jurisdictional obstacles," but "it must be part of a larger toolbox."