Rhino farmers, people who raise endangered rhinos like cattle, are behind the push to legalize the horn trade. These breeders sell their rhinos to game reserves. The breeders can harvest the horn from living rhinos, or when a rhino dies of natural causes, but until now they couldn't trade the horns legally. Further, they say that the sheer cost of protecting their herds from rhino poachers is unsustainable. Breeder John Hume told The Citizen that "unless we get that money, we will have many dead rhinos."
But animal advocates say that, in the long run, the move could prove disastrous for rhinos, whose numbers have already plummeted because demand for the horn is so high - and lifting the ban will do nothing to reverse it.
WildAid, for example, "remains opposed to legalizing the trade in rhino horn because of the danger that this would stimulate runaway consumer demand for the product and drive an increase in poaching," according to a statement on its website.