"The process of this was completely unfair and absurd. Clearly they tried ramming this through at the eleventh hour because they probably believed they couldn't get this passed when the new council convenes in January."
But animal advocates say the bullhook ban is another move towards getting elephants out of circuses for good.
"Thanks to the Oakland City Council, elephants in Oakland will be protected from ... weapons that resemble a fireplace poker with a sharp hook on one end," David Perle, a spokesman for PETA, said in a statement. "PETA looks forward to seeing more cities across the country follow Oakland's compassionate and progressive example."
For a shocking - though disturbing - look at how Ringling Bros. uses bullhooks, see the video below:
Warning: Disturbing images